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JLPT N5 Kanji A Day - Day One

kanji a day

KANJI-A-DAY

DAY ONE

Write. Read. Learn


Welcome to TheJapanShop.com's Kanji-a-Day blog post. As the name implies, you will read every day post until one hundred kanji lessons are posted (We decided to post this so it is more accessible to you. In any case you want it to be emailed to you everyday you can subscribe to this link and choose TheJapanshop.com Newsletter.).

We believe regular studying in small intervals is far more effective than occasional cram sessions. Take this opportunity to relax, sit back with a cup of coffee, and go through the morning's lesson. Spend five minutes getting to know a new kanji. It may be a character you are very familiar with. Even so, read through it and study the examples given.

I know you want to jump right into the lessons, but first, we need to cover some background information. Yep. This email is the basic, boring stuff, but at least it wasn't written by a lawyer. To help counter the bore, a list of all the kanji is included at the bottom. Tomorrow, we'll look at basic stroke order and the first kanji.

One more thing before we start... Once you've read through the lesson, click on the link to TheJapanesePage.com at the bottom. It will take you to a page with a sound file for the example words and sentences. Be sure to listen closely to the pronunciation and try to mimic the sounds. There is no cost whatsoever.

And now... Today's Kanji-a-Day:


KANJI—an Introduction

Kanji make up the third part of the Japanese writing system after Hiragana and Katakana. Imported from China hundreds of years ago, kanji have evolved in a number of ways to make them sometimes considerably different from their Chinese ancestors. They may look different and sound different. Even still, knowing Japanese kanji often means you can guess the meaning of written Chinese—even if you have never studied Chinese!

There are about 2,000 kanji needed to be literate in Japan. But in reality, knowing just a few hundred will allow you to read most anything, even if you may need the occasional aid of a dictionary. Very few foreigners have mastered kanji. Could you be one of them?

Most kanji have a single core meaning (this could be an abstract notion or something more concrete) and two or more “readings” or pronunciations.  The readings are eitheron yomi” or “kun yomi.”  The “on” pronunciation was the original Chinese pronunciation—or at least the sounds Japanese people thought were the Chinese pronunciation.  The “kun” pronunciation was the native Japanese pronunciation for that particular concept. 

So:
音読み on yomi--the "Chinese" pronunciation
訓読み kun yomi--the native "Japanese" pronunciation

Due to changes in sounds over time, some kanji have an impressive number of pronunciations. It is best to learn these sounds by example which is why we include multiple example words with each kanji in this newsletter.


How do I Study Kanji ?

You gotta love ‘em!

If you don’t decide from the beginning to love kanji, I am sure you will end up hating them. There are many, many characters with various meanings and readings, so without a desire to explore, you will become quickly discouraged.

Write them! Speak them! Look for them!

Our suggestions for studying kanji:

1)      Create fun mnemonics that will help you remember the character. Make it personal and even absurd. This will help make it stick better. For example, the moon 月 looks like the character for sun 日 but with legs. Think of the moon trying to run away from the sun since it usually only comes out at night. If you can think of a mnemonic for one or more readings, all the better.

2)      Keep a writing pad handy. Copy each individual kanji several times while speaking and thinking on the readings. While writing them, try to picture the kanji’s reading, meaning, and shape in your head.

3)      Finally, read! Use the power of a search engine to look for the newly learned kanji in other contexts. It is an exciting feeling to come across kanji that you have just studied.


We'll start with the first kanji tomorrow. But today, keep the above concepts in mind and look over the list of kanji we'll study over the next few weeks and months.

一二三四五六七八九十
百千万父母男女人子友
日月火水木金土本休語
年午前後時間毎先今何
上下左右東西南北外名
高小中大長半分学校生
山川白天雨電気車国円
話聞食読来書見行出入

Don't feel overwhelmed--just begin to familiarize yourself with them.

Get a notebook and a pencil ready for tomorrow! Writing kanji while speaking its readings will help with your learning.


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